I finished first year and ended up with a 3.45 gpa- I know that’s not “bad” but I’m wondering how UofT calculates cgpa.. Do they just average all your annual gpas? More speciffically- (and hypothetically), if I get 4.0 in 2nd, 3rd, and 4th year, is the highest cpga I can achieve a 3.86?
technically, it’s “an average of all the courses you have taken,” but practically speaking, yes, that’s how it works out.
HOWEVER, try not to stress too much about how you did in first year. nearly no graduate or professional schools take your first year into account for admissions decisions, so if that’s your worry, you can rest easy. everyone knows that first year is all about screwing up and falling on your face.
just try to use what you learned in first year to make your second year even better than the first one. (not that you asked for my advice. or that your first year was at all bad. but, as my high school Latin teacher used to say, we must always be moving “onwards and upwards.”)